Australia like other developed countries is fast growing its renewable energy demands. While providing electricity from clean energy sources, the citizen per capita consumption in 2018 was 9,326 kWh. However, fossil fuel (coal) still accounts for 40 per cent of Australia’s electricity generation. Relying on non-renewable forms of energy generation has many disadvantages. We hope that by the end of 2020, Australians can double their 2018 renewable energy consumption rate of 20 per cent. Let’s share other data that makes energy infrastructure in Australia an interesting topic.
Where Does Our Energy Come From?
The majority of Australia’s energy is based on traditional sources–fossil fuels that are overburdened. Coal and gas accounts for about 85% of electricity production.
The majority of our electricity is generated from burning brown and black coal at big power stations. Natural gas is the next highest energy supply in Australia (after oil and coal). It’s used by power stations for electricity generation, factories for manufacturing, and homes for cooking and heating. It’s a non-renewable source that produces around half the emissions of coal when utilized to create electricity.
Gas used to come from big remote reservoirs, like the Moomba and Bass Strait gas fields. More recently, coal seam gas comes in Queensland, together with untapped reserves in New South Wales and Victoria.
Renewable energy from resources like wind, solar and hydro supply about 15 per cent of Australia’s energy supply. This includes both large generators and tiny systems owned by Australian families and companies. Very recently, it has also been made possible to obtain renewable energy from waste products in the sewers that would normally have caused sewer blockage. As at 30 April 2019 there were greater than 3.27 million small-scale renewable installations in Australia, for example, more than 1.17 million solar and heat pump water heaters, over 2.1 million rooftop solar power systems, 423 wind systems and 18 hydro systems.
Nowadays, Australian businesses and householders have more options than ever to provide and manage energy.
You might have an electrical vehicle power by the solar PV on your roof, or an in-home display linked to a smart meter which tells you when to reduce your power consumption in reaction to power costs that change throughout the day. Battery storage technology to store solar power to be used at night is quickly growing in popularity.
What Is Non-renewable Energy
An energy resource of economic benefit that can’t be renewed with ease or replaced by natural means is non-renewable. Usually, non-renewable sources of energy like fossil fuels take many years to regenerate. These fossil fuels are organic materials like petroleum, coal, and natural gas. Also, they are categorized as unclean energy sources because of their carbon footprints. In 2018, Australian Energy Statistics shows that 212,066 GWh of total electricity generated were from fossil fuel. This value shows that non-renewable energy generation last year was 81%, and a high dependency on sources that degrade the environment.
What Is Renewable Energy
Unlike fossil fuels, renewable sources of energy can’t be depleted after tapping it. While they are also called clean energy, sources include solar, wind, water, and heat. According to the Australian Energy Statistics, only 21.3 per cent of non-renewable energy was generated last year from the total consumption of 261,405-gigawatt hours (GWh). However, the value of clean energy that was generated for electricity in 2017 was higher by 3 per cent.
Energy Infrastructure is Critical
One of the critical aspects of the energy sector is the infrastructure. The economy grows faster when proper equipment for the generation and transmission of electricity is harnessed with clean natural resources. Creating employment and opportunities for energy market Operator (AEMO) startups will depend on funding and investments in infrastructure. Energy’s supply chain investment includes installation of power plants, gas pipelines, power lines, and other utilities that make consumption hitch-free.
According to the Department of Environment and Energy, Australian stakeholders can support energy sector development. Wind and solar energy can generate a stable supply of electricity, and they are friendly to the environment. Urgency is needed for all regions of Australia to increase the generation and consumption of renewable energy. Just like how the building of a new sewage line provides jobs for sewer repair specialists, this strategy can attract more jobs for both skilled and unskilled workers with experience in the energy production sector. Apart from distribution networks, jobs pool and retail providers, ending with the businesses and residences that use energy.
Boosting Energy Infrastructure Policy
Most stakeholders in the energy and utility sectors need basic infrastructure to drive the economy. Usually, regulators and government create policies that focus on a long-term infrastructure plan. Innovation and technology can help to match energy demand from both commercial and private consumers. As a link between energy generation and consumption, infrastructure policy is an effective way of managing the sector. With the threat of a growing population, Australia is developing small-scale renewable energy infrastructure to meet demands. Also, the government should encourage reform programs to meet the challenges of globalization.
The abundance of natural gas in a country with the 5th largest reserves of coal should be used to boost energy affordability and security. Carbon and other pollutants are major causes of respiratory illnesses. Even plants and our environment are not safe from carbon emission that comes from engines that use fossil fuel. So, business owners and policymakers in government establishments will work to stimulate the rapid growth of Australia’s energy infrastructure. Additionally, Australia needs billions of A$ in the investment of generation, metering and distribution systems. It’s the funding that makes renewable energy sources reliable for consumption.